As has been my tradition, every sermon that I preach will be posted here. This sermon, Part of our World, was given at The Salvation Army Rochester on Sunday 5 March, 2017. The Reading was Matthew 4:1-11.
Now, it’s Ray’s 90th birthday today, and I know that numbers are often very meaningful in the Bible – sometimes, numbers are chosen not because they were necessarily historically accurate, but because they linked back to some religious meaning. For example, in today’s story we heard that Jesus went into the wilderness for 40 days and 40 nights. Now the number 40 appears many times in the bible – Noah was in the ark for how long? 40 days and 40 nights. Moses fasted on Mount Sinai while he inscribed the words of God’s covenant for how long? 40 days and 40 nights. Elijah also fasted in the desert before receiving a new commission from God for how long? 40 days and 40 nights. The Israelites wandered in the wilderness for how long? Who said 40 days and 40 nights? No, 40 years they wandered in the desert. But there’s more – David reigned for 40 years, and so did Solomon. So we can see that 40 is quite a significant number.
So I thought to search up and see if there was anything special about the number 90. Now, numerologically, it would make sense for it to be there. This is the idea that certain numbers, due to the way they are made up, have added significance. So for 90 – you could argue that it’s very special because it is 3 times 3 (Three is significant because of the Trinity) times 10 (10 commandments). However, I could only find two significant mentions of 90 exactly. One comes in Ezekiel 41:12 – where Ezekiel describes the depth of the third temple as 90 cubits. The second reference comes from Genesis 5:9, where it says that Enosh was ninety years old when he became the father of Kenan. Now, I’m not suggesting anything with that reference, just that it was the only reference to an exact ninety year old that I could find.
The Little Mermaid
And you’re probably wondering if I’ve gone loopy – what on earth does this have to do with Jesus being tempted in the desert.
Who, or what, is Jesus?
Well, before I answer that, I want to remind you what comes just before this reading. Just before Jesus is cast out into the wilderness, we have him getting baptised, and we get this incredible declaration from God saying that Jesus is the son of God.
This raises some significant questions about the identity of Jesus. See, while we know, from Matthew’s account that Jesus was born of Mary, and that Joseph had nothing to do with it – the rest of the community believed that Jesus was Joseph’s son. While we call him Jesus Christ, his name in his community would have been Jesus bar Joseph – that is, Jesus, son of Joseph. Which of course makes it interesting that come Good Friday, we see Jesus offered up for Jesus Barabbas, or Jesus Son of Abbas which means Father.But we’ll come to that another day.
So Jesus, son of Joseph, is baptised by John, and we hear that he is the Son of God. So who, or what is Jesus?
And this is the main question that is posed by the devil in this temptation in the wilderness. Jesus is being questioned – Are you really the Son of God? Just like how the devil queried Adam and Eve by saying “Did God really say that you would die if you ate the apple”, He casts doubt on what God has declared. He tests Jesus for his belief and understanding of God’s word. And it. Is in this questioning that we discover that Jesus is – as the Little Mermaid song sings – Part of our world.
Jesus shows that he is “part of our world”
He starts by questioning Jesus about his humanity. Jesus had been fasting for 40 days. Now, I don’t know about you, but I know I can barely function if I don’t have breakfast every day. So after 40 days, I’m guessing Jesus would have been pretty hungry. But the devil’s words are telling – he asks him to turn the stones into loaves of bread. Not only is Jesus asked to follow the devil’s leading, but he is asked to create more bread than what would have been needed. Instead, Jesus declares that he follows God’s word, and will rely on God to provide his daily bread.
The devil, being rebuffed by scripture, decides to test Jesus’ belief in scripture, quoting from the Psalms to say that God’s angels will protect him if he jumps off the top of the Temple. But Jesus responds again with scripture, affirming the place of scripture and God.
Finally, the devil takes Jesus to a mountain and makes his most ambitious claim. He offers Jesus all the kingdoms of the world – as if they are his to offer – if he would bow down and worship him. At this, Jesus has had enough, and dismisses Satan, saying that we are only to worship God.
Now the three things that Satan tempts Jesus with – Food, Protection, and Power – are things that aren’t in and of themselves bad. In fact, these three things feature in Jesus’ ministry as we go on.
Though he refuses to turn stones into bread, Jesus feeds the multitudes in the wilderness with just a few loaves and fishes, and teaches his disciples to ask God for their daily bread.
Though he refuses the protection the Angels would provide, he endures the taunts of others, and trusts God’s power while crucified on the cross.
Though he refuses the Devil’s offer of all the kingdoms of the world, Jesus instead offers the kingdom of heaven to all who follow him.
These things – food, protection, power – there’s nothing bad in and of themselves. But what is important is where we seek these things from, and where we place the glory.
Through this testing, Jesus tells us who he is and where he comes from. Jesus is truly and properly God, and truly and properly human. He comes from heaven, and because of God’s great love for us, he decided to become part of our world.
There’s no place Jesus hasn’t already been
Because God came down in human form, God chose to experience life as we live it. And Jesus, through his tempting, has already gone ahead of everything that we might face. At the end of Matthew’s Gospel, Jesus tells his disciples that he will be “with you always, even to the end of the age.” Jesus has gone before us, even to the most forsaken parts of the wilderness. There is nowhere “so desolate, so distant, or so challenging” that we can go that Jesus has not already been. So no matter where we are called to go, no matter where the spirit guides us, no matter who we are asked to talk to, Jesus has gone before us.
Be confident in where we step out in faith
And because God has gone before us – no matter where it might be, no matter how far into the wilderness it might be – we can be confident to go there. Wherever we step out in faith, we can be confident in that God has been there before us, God has done the hard work, and invites us to partner with what God has already done.
So I’m asking if you will be willing to step out in faith. Will you step out and follow Christ – Son of God, in human form – and go where he leads you? Will you step out in faith, and have the courage to share about Christ’s love? Will you step out in faith, and rely on Christ’s provision? Rely on Christ’s protection? Rely on Christ’s invitation to God’s kingdom – as opposed to the false kingdoms of the world?
If that is your desire, then I invite you to honour Christ this day. You might like to come forward and spend some time in prayer. Maybe this is the first time you’ve felt that need to step out in faith and give all you have to follow Christ. You might like to come and pray the words of this song, which says “Lord, I give you my heart, I give you my soul, I live for you alone. Every breath that I take, every moment I’m awake, Lord, have your way in me.” And whether it’s the first time, or the 50th time, all are welcome to make this prayer.
Or maybe you would like to spend some time in prayer, asking for confidence to take that step of faith. Maybe there’s someone who the spirit has been nudging you to share your faith with. Maybe the spirit has been preparing you, and you’re ready to say “This is my desire to honour you, Lord, with all my heart” and ask for God’s Holy Spirit to guide you as you seek to share God’s amazing love.
Or maybe you would like to come and pray for something else that has been on your heart, seeking guidance from Christ, knowing that he has gone before you in all things.
This time is yours, it is open as you need it. As we sing this song, may the holy spirit rest on you, and may we hear the spirit’s guidance in all things.